The Anatomy of Different Types of Road Accidents
When it comes to driving on the road, accidents occur every day. There are four main types of categories that road accidents fall into. These are accidents that involve animals, accidents that involve bicyclists or pedestrians, accidents that occur at junctions and accidents that are caused by lane departures.
Animal Road Accidents
When driving, especially at night it is important to watch for animals. Deer have been known to cause many accidents. Sometimes accidents that involve animals are limited to your own car and other times other vehicles are involved as well. This type of accident can occur any time an animal jumps in front of your car and you swerve to miss it.
Bicyclists and Pedestrian Road Accidents
There are certain areas of the road where it is more likely that a bicyclist or pedestrian accident may occur. A busy intersection or streets with no sidewalks are two of the most common places for this type of accident to occur. These types of accidents can often lead to serious injuries and possible deaths.
Road Accidents at Junctions
The most common type of accident that occurs at junctions is an angle or side impact or a rear end collision. This happens when a driver does not stop at the intersection and rams into another vehicle. This type of accident can also involve a head on collision when one car crosses into the opposing lane of traffic.
Around half of urban crashes occur at intersections, while only about a third of rural crashes are of this type. The reason for this is because there are simply more junctions in an urban setting. However, the junction accidents that occur in rural areas are typically worse as there are usually higher speeds involved.
Lane Departure Road Accident
The most common outcome of a lane departure accident is a head on collision. This type of collision often causes extremely serious injuries because of the high speeds at which they occur as well as the impact of the vehicles. Head on collisions occur in the greatest number on roads that do not have a separation of lanes, have sharp curves, or roads that are narrow. The highest number of head on collisions typically occurs outside of urban areas.
Preventing Road Accidents
There are several safety measures that can be taken in order to lower the risk of accidents occurring. One way to lower the number of accidents that occur at intersections is to implement a roundabout. This helps slow the speed of traffic through the intersections and reduces the chances of a high speed angle collision occurring.
Installing median barriers is one of the best ways to make roads safer. However, these barriers are extremely expensive. Cheaper ways to reduce accidents on roads is to make sure that the roads are clearly marked and making sure speed limits are reduced. Hard shoulders or safety edges can also be put in place to help reduce the risk of head on collisions on the types of roads that they are most likely to occur on.